Twelve Tuskegee Airmen from World War II hailed from Iowa including, Robert Martin. Major manufacturing sectors include food processing, heavy machinery, and agricultural chemicals. Whether you prefer bike riding, running, walking, or roller skating, there’s a trail in CB for you! [160][161] Iowa has also seen an increase in demand for local, sustainably-grown food. Tribes which arrived in Iowa in the late prehistoric or protohistoric periods include the Illiniwek, Meskwaki, Omaha, and Sauk. Des Moines is the capital of Iowa. [79], Following the Civil War, Iowa's population continued to grow dramatically, from 674,913 people in 1860[82] to 1,624,615 in 1880. Current. It is a fairly large city (city population 200,000, metro area 500,000). I-74 begins at I-80 just northeast of Davenport. Meatpacker Tyson Foods has 11 locations, second only to its headquarter state Arkansas. In NCAA FBS, the University of Iowa Hawkeyes play in the Big Ten Conference[251] and the Iowa State University Cyclones compete in the Big 12 Conference. The Iowa Speedway oval track has hosted auto racing championships such as the IndyCar Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series and NASCAR Truck Series since 2006. Twenty-seven Iowans have been awarded the Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government, which was first awarded in the Civil War. L'Iowa presenta un clima continentale con grandi punte di caldo e di freddo. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F (48 °C) was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934, during a nationwide heat wave;[42] the all-time lowest temperature of −47 °F (−44 °C) was recorded at Washta on January 12, 1912. For the University of Northern Iowa, see, Early colonization, exploitation and trade, 1673–1808, Depression, World War II and manufacturing, 1930–1985, Reemergence as a mixed economy, 1985–present. [109], Iowa, in common with other Midwestern states (especially Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota), is feeling the brunt of rural flight, although Iowa has been gaining population since approximately 1990. Meaning of capital of iowa. Some of the most dramatic scenery in Iowa is found in the unique Loess Hills which are found along Iowa's western border. All the following teams are NCAA Division I football, basketball, or wrestling teams:[246][247][248][249][250], The state has four NCAA Division I college teams. [95], Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 29,386 people, while migration within the country produced a net loss of 41,140 people. [61][62] Another small military outpost was established along the Mississippi River in present-day Bellevue. [204] Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds succeeded him on May 24, 2017, following Branstad's appointment as U.S. level 1. 1 synonym for capital of Iowa: Des Moines. It is home to the Iowa State Capitol, the State Historical Society of Iowa Museum, Drake University, Des Moines Art Center, Greater Des Moines Botanical Garden, Principal Riverwalk, the Iowa State Fair, Terrace Hill, and the World Food Prize. The Indiana Territory was created in 1800 to exercise jurisdiction over this portion of the District; William Henry Harrison was its first governor. [51], When American Indians first arrived in what is now Iowa more than 13,000 years ago, they were hunters and gatherers living in a Pleistocene glacial landscape. [31] Endangered or threatened plants include western prairie fringed orchid, eastern prairie fringed orchid, Mead's milkweed, prairie bush clover, and northern wild monkshood.[32]. Iowa City is home to the University of Iowa, which includes the Iowa Writers' Workshop, and the Old Capitol building. The capital of the state of Iowa is Des Moines. Des Moines is the capital of Iowa.Des Moines is the state capital of Iowa. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa,[24] Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, and Rathbun Lake. [91] The Iowa Economic Development Authority, created in 2011 has replaced the Iowa Department of Economic Development and its annual reports are a source of economic information. Virtually statewide, the driest month is January or February, and the wettest month is June, owing to frequent showers and thunderstorms, some of which produce hail, damaging winds and/or tornadoes. The Meskwaki Settlement west of Tama is the only American Indian settlement in Iowa and is host to a large annual Pow-wow. Meaning of capital of iowa. Iowa City was the capital of the Iowa Territory and became the first capital city of the State of Iowa when Iowa was admitted into the Union on December 28, 1846. hide. [244] In 1992, Corey Taylor future co-founder of Slipknot formed Stone Sour in Des Moines. [8], In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy made the transition to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, processing, financial services, information technology, biotechnology, and green energy production. [242] What's Eating Gilbert Grape, based on the Peter Hedges novel of the same name, is set in the fictional Iowa town of Endora. The Annals of Iowa 40 (1970), 412-427. Entire building is the museum... every room is as it was back then, old old books ... Read all 158 reviews. The Sauk and Meskwaki effectively controlled trade on the Mississippi in the late 18th century and early 19th century. Reporter Linh Ta comes to Iowa Capital Dispatch from the Des Moines Register, where she covered trending news, public safety and the suburbs. Some smaller communities, such as Denison and Storm Lake, have mitigated this population loss through gains in immigrant laborers. Sioux City is home to two higher education institutions, Morningside College and Briar Cliff University. 60, pages 315–316. A total of 39 ethanol plants produced 3.1 billion US gallons (12,000,000 m3) of fuel in 2009.[178]. Dubuque is home to the Archdiocese of Dubuque, which serves as the ecclesiastical province for all three other dioceses in the state and for all the Catholics in the entire state of Iowa. [79], Much of Iowa's support for the Union can be attributed to Samuel J. Kirkwood, its first wartime governor. Renewable energy has become a major economic force in northern and western Iowa, with wind turbine electrical generation increasing exponentially since 1990. [141][142], If the economy is measured by gross domestic product, in 2005 Iowa's GDP was about $124 billion. Reporter Linh Ta comes to Iowa Capital Dispatch from the Des Moines Register, where she covered trending news, public safety and the suburbs. [64], The U.S. encouraged settlement of the east side of the Mississippi and removal of Indians to the west. Soon after Iowa was admitted to the Union and the boundaries of the state were known, people again began to talk about a new location for the capital, nearer to the center of the state. 296. [222] Although Iowa supported the Federal Equal Rights Amendment, in 1980 and 1992 Iowa voters rejected an Equal Rights Amendment to the state constitution. [263] The North Iowa Bulls play in the North American 3 Hockey League (NA3HL) in Mason City.[264]. In 2007, the Iowa Legislature added "sexual orientation" and "gender identity" to the protected classes listed in the Iowa Civil Rights Act. Hedges was born in West Des Moines.[243]. The Sioux City Metropolitan Area encompasses areas in three states: Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed almost entirely by rivers. [175], The Iowa Insurance Division "Annual report to the Iowa Governor and the Iowa Legislature" from November 2014 looked at the 95% of health insurers by premium, which are 10 companies. U.S. Census Bureau State and County Quick Facts. Iowa sent large supplies of food to the armies and the eastern cities. Capitol Tour and Building Information - Capitol building and tour hours. Iowa is a hotbed of wrestling in the United States. It found Wellmark Inc. to dominate the three health insurance markets it examined (individual, small group and large group) at 52–67%. ms Jadilah di sudut Iowa dan Ketiga pada 3:00. en Grace and I served in two circuits in the state of Iowa, including portions of … Her areas of coverage include politics and policy, lobbying, elections, and campaign finance. Did you know that Pottawattamie County is the Trail Capital of Iowa? info]) è una città statunitense di 203 433 abitanti, capitale dello Stato dell'Iowa e capoluogo della contea di Polk.Situata alla confluenza dei fiumi Des Moines e Raccoon, nella parte centro-meridionale dello stato dell'Iowa, Des Moines è un importante centro economico, finanziario e culturale. [211], In 1884, the Iowa Civil Rights Act apparently outlawed discrimination by businesses, reading: "All persons within this state shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, restaurants, chophouses, eating houses, lunch counters, and all other places where refreshments are served, public conveyances, barber shops, bathhouses, theaters, and all other places of amusement." At least 11 other states have, too", "Centers of Population for the 2010 Census", "2018 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of Iowa: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "In This Small Town in Iowa the Future Speaks Spanish", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019", "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019—United States—Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico", National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2013, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2014, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2015, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data 2016, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births, by race and origin of mother: United States, each state and territory, 2017, "Religious composition of adults in Iowa", "American Religious Identification Survey 2001", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000", "Postville, Iowa's Jewish Community Bounces Back After Immigration Raid", "UNESCO declares Seattle a City of Literature", "America's Top States for Business in 2010", Gross domestic product by sector and state, "Local Area Unemployment Statistics—Iowa, Statewide", "Alcoa Davenport Works to become Arconic", "Whirlpool Amana plant remaining closed after more positive coronavirus tests", "John Deere Factory Tours | John Deere US", "IOWA ICON: Pete Kuyper's idea changed the future of his hometown", "P&G Iowa City Plant | P&G News | Events, Multimedia, Public Relations", "Winnebago will open new plant outside of Forest City", "Looking for greater profits, more Iowa farmers move to organic corn, soybeans", "Multiple Measures of the Role of Agriculture in Iowa's Economy", "Impact of grain-processing industry runs deep, but people don't see it", "AMA Analysis Lists States Where One Private Health Insurer Rules", "Annual report to the Iowa Governor and the Iowa Legislature", "Incubators Blossom along with Their Startups", "The World's Biggest Public Companies #380", "Company Overview of Vermeer Corporation", "Company Overview of Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc", "Company Overview of Fareway Stores, Inc", "State of Iowa Taxes | Iowa Department of Revenue", "State Corporate Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2016—Tax Foundation", "No tax increases planned for next year, Culver says", "How one city in Iowa caught 160,000 speeders in less than two years", "Amtrak California Zephyr -", "Libertarian Party obtains official political party status in Iowa", "Official Results Report—Statewide: 2006 General Election", "Terry Branstad just became the longest serving governor in American history", "State of Iowa Voter Registration Totals", "Beyond expectations: effects of early elections in U.S. presidential nomination contests". How Did Iowa Coalitions Campaign for the Equal Rights Amendment in 1980 and 1992?, WL 874044 The French, before their impending defeat in the French and Indian War, transferred ownership to their ally, Spain. [201] Third parties, officially termed "nonparty political organizations", can appear on the ballot as well. Capital City Equipment has been serving the construction industry in central Iowa since 1976, and is the trusted source for all compact equipment. Le Mars hosts multiple ice cream themed community events each year. [59][60] Fort Madison was defeated by British-supported Indigenous people in 1813 during the War of 1812, and Fort Shelby in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, also fell to the British. Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. The city also serves as the government seat of Polk County, and the city extends into Warren County. Carter Lake, Iowa, is the only city in the state located west of the Missouri River. The Iowa Great Lakes is made up of multiple small towns, such as Spirit Lake, Arnolds Park, Milford, and Okoboji. Black Hawk took part in the siege of Fort Madison. [53] Along the Missouri River at least five French and English trading houses were built before 1808. The 1857 Constitution established Des Moines as the capital. [81], Iowa had several brigadier generals and four major generals—Grenville Mellen Dodge, Samuel R. Curtis, Francis J. Herron, and Frederick Steele—and saw many of its generals go on to state and national prominence following the war. The Des Moines Golf and Country Club hosted the 1999 U.S. Senior Open and the 2017 Solheim Cup. We found 9 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word capital of iowa: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "capital of iowa" is defined. capital of Iowa - the capital and largest city in Iowa. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Incumbent U.S. Iowa is now averaging 2,182 new cases a day, the Times reported. Also in Madison County is the John Wayne Birthplace Museum is in Winterset. This poorly situated stockade was similarly attacked by hundreds of Indigenous people in 1813, but was successfully defended and later abandoned until settlers returned to the area in the mid-1830s. Sixteen percent of Iowa's workforce is dedicated to manufacturing. On the white stripe is a bald eagle carrying a blue streamer in its beak. [88] The crisis spurred a major, decade-long population decline. The largest non-Protestant religion was Catholicism with 503,080 adherents. Ames is the home of Iowa State University, the Iowa State Center, and Reiman Gardens. According to the AMA annual report from 2007 Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield had provided 71% of the state's health insurance. RAGBRAI, the Register's Annual Great Bike Ride Across Iowa, attracts thousands of bicyclists and support personnel. Besides processed food, industrial outputs include machinery, electric equipment, chemical products, publishing, and primary metals. By the early 21st century, it was characterized by a mix of manufacturing, biotechnology, finance and insurance services, and government services. Iowa has a strong financial and insurance sector, with approximately 6,100 firms,[90] including AEGON, Nationwide Group, Aviva USA, Farm Bureau Financial Services, Voya Financial, Marsh Affinity Group, MetLife, Principal Financial Group, Principal Capital Management, Wells Fargo, and University of Iowa Community Credit Union. [15][16], Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed almost entirely by rivers. [184][185][186][187][188][189][190], Tax is collected by the Iowa Department of Revenue. [159], Though industrial-scale, commodity agriculture predominates in much of the state, Iowa has seen growth in the organic farming sector. Iowa has more than 2,000 taxing authorities. Full view. Demonises characters in state capital; Loose ends, some involving iowa's capital? Tours can be scheduled Monday through Saturday. thesaurus capital of iowa: Des Moines capital of Iowa state capital Only four years after legislators moved into the capitol at Iowa City, Iowa became a state. At the beginning of the pandemic, even 500 cases a day drew concern. As a result of the 2010 elections, each party controlled one house of the Iowa General Assembly: the House had a Republican majority, while the Senate had a Democratic majority. Iowa has two professional basketball teams. As of 2018[update], the 43rd and current Governor of Iowa is Kim Reynolds (R). [179] Major producers of turbines and components in Iowa include Acciona Energy of West Branch, TPI Composites of Newton, and Siemens Energy of Fort Madison. Sullivan's Line, the Honey War, and latitudinal estimations", "Central tall grasslands | Ecoregions | WWF", Iowa Must Step Up Investment in Public Lands, "Report: Many Iowa coal plants among nation's oldest", "Iowa Works to Reduce Run-off Polluting the Gulf of Mexico", "Climate Iowa: Temperature, climate graph, Climate table for Iowa -", "Average Annual Snowfall Totals in Iowa - Current Results", "2008 Iowa tornadoes deadliest since 1968", "Site of Iowa's coldest temp shivers with rest of state", "Iowa Weather-Iowa Weather Forecast-Iowa Climate", "Average Weather for Des Moines, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", "Average Weather for Mason City, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", "Average Weather for Sioux City, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", Average Annual Precipitation Iowa, 1961–1990 (GIF File), "Average Weather for Des Moines, IA—Temperature and Precipitation,, Retrieved Jan. 7, 2009", "Fort Atkinson, Nebraska, 1820–1827, and Other Missouri River Sites", "Research Guides: Indian Removal Act: Primary Documents in American History: Introduction", "INDIAN AFFAIRS: LAWS AND TREATIES Vol. Iowa is home to more than 70 wineries,[135] and hosts five regional wine tasting trails. Le Mars is in the northeastern part of the Sioux City Metropolitan Area and is the self-proclaimed "Ice Cream Capital of the World". report. [221] In 1869, Iowa became the first state in the union to admit women to the practice of law, with the Court ruling women may not be denied the right to practice law in Iowa and admitting Arabella A. Mansfield to the practice of law. best. In 1894 women were given "partial suffrage", which allowed them to vote on issues, but not for candidates. There were numerous Indian tribes living in Iowa at the time of early European exploration. Information about capital of Iowa in … After the amendment, it reads: "All men and women are, by nature, free and equal, and have certain inalienable rights—among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. Around Pella, residents of Dutch descent once spoke the Pella Dutch dialect. Cedar Falls is home of the University of Northern Iowa. Iowa is host to at least two business incubators, Iowa State University Research Park and the BioVentures Center at the University of Iowa. [94], Of the residents of Iowa, 70.8% were born in Iowa, 23.6% were born in a different U.S. state, 0.6% were born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or born abroad to American parent(s), and 5% were foreign born. In Des Moines, roughly in the center of the state, over two-thirds of the 34.72 inches (88.2 cm) of rain falls from April through September, and about half the average annual precipitation falls from May through August, peaking in June. Des Moines. The tax rate differs in each locality and is a composite of county, city or rural township, school district and special levies. Iowa contributed proportionately more men to Civil War military service than did any other state, north or south, sending more than 75,000 volunteers to the armed forces, over one-sixth of whom were killed before the Confederates surrendered at Appomattox. Table of Contents-- capital of iowa WORDNET DICTIONARY. Much of Iowa was mapped by Zebulon Pike in 1805,[58] but it was not until the construction of Fort Madison in 1808 that the U.S. established tenuous military control over the region. [225] It was struck down in January 2019, when an Iowa state judge ruled that the "fetal heartbeat" law was unconstitutional. Close. yes; SIMILAR CLUES. [37] Snowfall is common, with Des Moines getting about 26 days of snowfall a year, and other places, such as Shenandoah getting about 11 days of snowfall in a year. Van Allen, climate scientist James Hansen, ecologist Aldo Leopold, computer pioneer John Vincent Atanasoff, geochemist Clair Cameron Patterson, and Intel co-founder Robert Noyce. Learn about the seedy side of Iowa's capitol city with our local guide during this history tour. Des Moines is the capital city of Iowa, but in 1840 Iowa City was the capital. capital of Iowa: 1 n the capital and largest city in Iowa Synonyms: Des Moines Example of: state capital the capital city of a political subdivision of a country Le Mars is home to Wells Enterprises, one of the largest ice cream manufacturers in the world. [252] The two intrastate rivals compete annually for the Cy-Hawk Trophy as part of the Iowa Corn Cy-Hawk Series. [172] In colonial times, Iowa was a part of French Louisiana and Spanish Louisiana; its state flag is patterned after the flag of France. [129] Natives of East-Central Iowa—including cities such as Cedar Rapids, Dubuque, and Clinton tend to speak with the Northern Cities Vowel Shift, a dialect that extends from this area and east across the Great Lakes Region.[130]. [245] Jazz cornetist, pianist, and composer Bix Beiderbecke was born in Davenport. However, the courts chose to narrowly apply this act, allowing de facto discrimination to continue. Iowans still flocking to cities, census stats show. Cedar Rapids is also home to the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library and Iowa's only National Trust for Historic Preservation Site, Brucemore mansion. II, Treaties", "Minnesota Treaties | The U.S.-Dakota War of 1862", "Jackson County, Iowa History Information", "1860 Census: Population of the United States", "1880 Census: Volume 1. • CAPITAL OF IOWA (noun) The noun CAPITAL OF IOWA has 1 sense:. The state capital, Des Moines, is in Polk County. Contoh ayat dengan "capital of Iowa", memori terjemahan. The state capital, Des Moines, is in Polk County. How to say capital of Iowa in English? General (8 matching dictionaries) capital of Iowa: [home, info] [206] In Iowa, the term "political party" refers to political organizations which have received two percent or more of the votes cast for president or governor in the "last preceding general election". Having three vertical stripes blue, white and red the Iowa flag resembles the flag of France. [52], The arrival of European trade goods and diseases in the Protohistoric period led to dramatic population shifts and economic and social upheaval, with the arrival of new tribes and early European explorers and traders. Population Trends: The Changing Face of Iowa. Des Moines is the largest city and metropolitan area[a] in Iowa and the state's political and economic center. [citation needed] William Labov and colleagues, in the monumental Atlas of North American English[128] found the English spoken in Iowa divides into multiple linguistic regions. Now we are looking on the crossword clue for: Capital of Iowa. Along with the New Hampshire primary the following week, Iowa's caucuses have become the starting points for choosing the two major-party candidates for president. Iowa Gov. Des Moines covers an area of 90.65 square miles, and the land area covers 88.92 square miles while water covers 1.73 square miles. In the first decision of the Iowa Supreme Court—In Re the Matter of Ralph,[210] decided July 1839—the Court rejected slavery in a decision that found a slave named Ralph became free when he stepped on Iowa soil, 26 years before the end of the Civil War. Natives of northern Iowa—including Sioux City, Fort Dodge, and the Waterloo region—tend to speak the dialect linguists call North Central American English, which is also found in North and South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. [105] The five largest ancestry groups were: German (35.1%), Irish (13.5%), English (8.2%), American (5.8%), and Norwegian (5.0%). [209], In the 19th century Iowa was among the earliest states to enact prohibitions against race discrimination, especially in education, but was slow to achieve full integration in the 20th century. Dubuque is a regional tourist destination with attractions such as the National Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium and the Port of Dubuque. share. [38], Spring ushers in the beginning of the severe weather season. en Be at the corner of Iowa and Third at 3:00. Iowa officials tout credit rating, argue it shows state's finances are strong. 6.5% of Iowa's population were reported as under the age of five, 22.6% under 18, and 14.7% were 65 or older. So, looking for the answer to ___ Moines (capital of Iowa) recently published in Daily Celebrity on 27 March 2020? [211] The state did away with racial barriers to marriage in 1851, more than 100 years before the U.S. Supreme Court would ban miscegenation statutes nationwide. They marched on General Nathaniel Banks' ill-starred expedition to the Red River. [9][10] Iowa is the 26th most extensive in land area and the 30th most populous of the 50 U.S. states. [211] By 1875, a number of additional court rulings effectively ended segregation in Iowa schools. Iowa Department of Revenue, Iowa Local Option Tax Information. Iowa recognizes three political parties—the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, and the Libertarian Party. Ultimately, the Iowa General Assembly chose Des Moines as the new capital city. [131] The third-most-common language is German, spoken by 17,000 people in Iowa; two notable German dialects used in Iowa include Amana German spoken around the Amana Colonies, and Pennsylvania German, spoken among the Amish in Iowa. "Official Encouragement of Immigration to Iowa", Marcus L. Hansen. Plotted position of capital of iowa (N 32° 2' 16.3608", E 118° 46' 41.8944") on the map. [72][73] On July 4, 1838, the U.S. Congress established the Territory of Iowa. [144] Its per capita income for 2006 was $23,340. Iowa has three professional football teams. The state motto "Our Liberties We Prize, and Our Rights We will Maintain" is written on the streamer. Link, Gadget and Share capital of iowa. [238], The Iowa Board of Regents is composed of nine citizen volunteers appointed by the governor to provide policymaking, coordination, and oversight of the state's three public universities, two special K–12 schools, and affiliated centers.[239]. Metropolitan Area and a hub of southwest Iowa, sits at the base of the Loess Hills National Scenic Byway. Frank Gotch was a World Heavyweight Wrestling Champion, Zach Johnson won the 2007 Masters Golf Tournament and the 2015 British Open, and Jeremy Hellickson won the 2011 American League Rookie of the Year award pitching for the Tampa Bay Rays. Fort Dodge is home of The Fort historical museum and the Blanden Art Museum, and host Frontiers Days which celebrate the town history. [43], Iowa has a relatively smooth gradient of varying precipitation across the state, with areas in the southeast of the state receiving an average of over 38 inches (97 cm) of rain annually, and the northwest of the state receiving less than 28 inches (71 cm). Des Moines is the state capital of Iowa and is one of the most populous cities in the country. [205], The state gets considerable attention every four years because the Iowa caucus, gatherings of voters to select delegates to the state conventions, is the first presidential caucus in the country. [192] The state sales tax rate is 6%, with non-prepared food having no tax. [21] Most of Iowa is used for agriculture; crops cover 60% of the state, grasslands (mostly pasture and hay with some prairie and wetland) cover 30%, and forests cover 7%; urban areas and water cover another 1% each. Many died and were buried at Andersonville. The state has four major college teams playing in NCAA Division I for all sports. Madison County is known for its covered bridges. In college football, Jay Berwanger was the first winner of the Downtown Athletic Club Trophy in 1935, later renamed the Heisman Trophy and won by Nile Kinnick in 1939. [55] Spain practiced very loose control over the Iowa region, granting trading licenses to French and British traders, who established trading posts along the Mississippi and Des Moines Rivers. [52], More than 3,000 years ago, during the Late Archaic period, American Indians in Iowa began utilizing domesticated plants. Iowa is the nation's largest producer of ethanol and corn and some years is the largest grower of soybeans. [56] In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte took control of Louisiana from Spain in a treaty. 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